Instant Expert: Secrets & Features of Apple TV 4.1 | iLounge Article


Instant Expert: Secrets & Features of Apple TV 4.1

With yesterday’s release of iOS 4.2 for the iPhone, iPod touch and iPad, Apple also released Apple TV Software Update 4.1, its first major upgrade to the new second-generation Apple TV, adding AirPlay video support and fixing a number of issues from the initial release.

We note up front that there is some confusion as to what the actual version of the Apple TV update is, since the version numbers are not entirely consistent. The second-generation Apple TV was released as “Software Version” 4.0 but actually ran “OS Build Version” 4.1 (8M89). The OS build version can be viewed by going into the “About” screen on the Apple TV and pressing the center button on the remote which will cycle through Software Version, Software Build and OS Build Version.

The latest update follows this same numbering convention, with the Software Version appearing as 4.1 and the OS Build Version appearing as 4.2 (8C150). It’s also worth noting that iOS 4.2 released for the iPad, iPhone and iPod touch is build 8C148.


For the sake of consistency, we’ll refer to the Apple TV software the same way Apple does—as 4.1—though it would be a lot less confusing to see these numbers unified.

Installing the Update

The second-generation Apple TV normally receives software updates wirelessly and the Apple TV seems fairly proactive about notifying users when new updates are available.


You can also start the update process manually by selecting “Check for Updates” from the Settings, General menu.


Note that it is also possible to apply the update by connecting the Apple TV to your computer via a micro-USB cable and installing it through iTunes, however this is intended for recovery purposes and not normal updates and requires that you restore your device back to factory defaults.


The update weighs in at 280MB and should take no more than ten minutes to download and install, after which your Apple TV will restart with the new version.

AirPlay Video

Ironically, the most significant new feature in this latest Apple TV update is something that doesn’t really appear anywhere new on the Apple TV menus or settings. Support for playing back video from iOS devices using AirPlay has been added, but it’s entirely under the hood. The “AirPlay” menu in settings simply contains the same options as before to toggle the setting on or off, although “AirPlay Speakers” has been renamed to simply “AirPlay.”


You can also set a password for AirPlay here, however this only seems to be enforced for audio streaming—no password is requested to stream a video to the Apple TV.

Note that AirPlay audio streaming hasn’t changed from the previous version, and in fact hasn’t even really changed from the original first-generation Apple TV, back when the feature was known as AirTunes. The second-generation Apple TV can still be used as a remote speaker from iTunes and in fact continues to work fine even from older versions of iTunes.

What has changed is the addition of video support to AirPlay, which now allows video content to be streamed to the second-generation Apple TV from most iOS 4.2 devices and from iTunes 10.1. Streaming from iOS devices is discussed in more detail in Instant Expert: iOS 4.2. Streaming videos from iTunes 10.1 works in much the same way as streaming audio: AirPlay devices will appear in the bottom-right corner of the iTunes window and now display icons to indicate their audio and video capabilities as on an iOS device.


Selecting an Apple TV from this menu will send all audio and video output from iTunes to that particular Apple TV. Alternatively, you can also switch to an Apple TV destination while playing a video in iTunes by clicking on the AirPlay icon that appears in the video controls. Note that the AirPlay controls in the bottom right of the main iTunes window are hidden when a video playback window is open.


When playing a video from iTunes to an Apple TV, the video playback window will still appear with an indication that the video is being sent to the Apple TV. Unfortunately this video window must remain open to continue streaming the video—closing the window will stop the video playback; you’ll need to minimize it or hide it to get it out of the way if you want to continue using your computer while sending video out over AirPlay.


Unlike audio, AirPlay does not currently support streaming video to more than one Apple TV at a time. If multiple devices are selected in iTunes, video playback will be shown on your computer instead and you will need to select an AirPlay destination from the playback controls. Note that this only applies to initiating playback in iTunes via AirPlay—you can still of course stream content from the same library to multiple Apple TVs by using Home Sharing and starting playback from the Apple TV menus.

The first-generation Apple TV can still be used as an AirPlay audio destination from iTunes but not from an iOS device.

While streaming content to the Apple TV from an iOS device or iTunes, you can use the Apple TV remote to control playback as you normally would. Exiting a video on the Apple TV by hitting the menu button will also automatically close the video playback window in iTunes. You can even access chapter markers and audio and subtitle features on the Apple TV by holding down the play/pause button as you would for any other video. These features are not available from an iOS device when sending video out via AirPlay, and in iTunes you can select alternate chapters, but the audio and subtitle features can only be enabled directly on the Apple TV. Using the slider to scrub through a video on an iOS device will display stills from the video on the device’s screen to help you navigate, however this does not occur when scrubbing through a video in the iTunes playback window.

As you might expect, an AirPlay stream can only be received from one device at a time. Attempting to start AirPlay from a second device while the Apple TV is busy will usually fail silently, although in some cases we saw the Apple TV display a content error instead. The one exception to this is that you can stream audio playback from one device and photos from another simultaneously—the Apple TV will continue playing the audio in the background while the photos are displayed.

AirPlay Performance

AirPlay streaming works entirely over your existing Wi-Fi and/or Ethernet network and its performance will be dependent upon the speed of your network. From our testing, users with a solid 802.11g or 802.11n wireless network should experience no issues, although factors such as interference and range between devices will factor in somewhat. As a rule, however, if you can stream video from your iTunes library to your Apple TV, streaming over AirPlay from iTunes will not be a problem at all, and streaming from an iOS device should also work fine as long as the device has a reliable connection to the same wireless network. Performance will likely suffer for users on older 802.11b networks, however since almost all wireless routers sold in the past five years support at least 802.11g this isn’t likely to be an issue for most.

Using an 802.11n network streaming videos from an iOS device or iTunes performed as well as playing any other video on the Apple TV and was fast, smooth and responsive. It was even possible to stream from three different devices to three different Apple TVs with no noticeable performance issues, which would allow different family members to watch their own content on separate Apple TVs without any issues.

Note that the Apple TV caches AirPlay video in much the same way as any other video stream, and when using a slower connection or playing high-definition content it may take a few more seconds before the video actually starts playing. Once playback is in progress, however, it should run smoothly without any interruptions.


The latest Apple TV update also adds VoiceOver Accessibility support. The feature can be found under the General settings menu and includes the option to adjust the voice playback speed between Slow, Normal, Fast and Very Fast.


As a nice added touch, a VoiceOver prompt will also be played after a few seconds at the language selection screen when first setting up a new Apple TV, advising you that you can press the play/pause button on the remote three times to enable VoiceOver right away to assist you through the setup screens. This would make it theoretically possible, albeit cumbersome, to configure and use an Apple TV without being connected to a television set.

Videos in Photo Albums

With iTunes 10.1 and the latest Apple TV update, videos contained in Photo albums can now be played back on the Apple TV. Previously, these videos were simply omitted from the Apple TV.

To enable videos to be displayed in your photo albums, select Choose Photos to Share from the Advanced menu in iTunes, and ensure that “Include Videos” is selected.


Once this option is enabled, videos contained in your photo albums should appear when browsing the album on the Apple TV. Videos will be indicated by a faded playback button in the center of the thumbnail. Selecting a video will display a larger preview and pressing the play button on the remote will begin playing back the video. Stopping the video will automatically return to the thumbnail view.


When not actually playing a video you can navigate between photos and videos using the left and right buttons normally. Playing back a photo album as a slideshow will simply skip any videos contained in that album.

Note that videos will still need to be in an Apple TV compatible format to be displayed. Videos that are not compatible with the Apple TV will continue to simply be omitted from the photo albums view, in much the same way as they are not synced to an iPhone or iPod.

Other Changes and Fixes

The initial release of the second-generation Apple TV was fraught with small issues, particularly related to iTunes integration. The good news it that this latest update appears to address most of these while making some other small changes as well.

Playlist Sorting

The original second-generation Apple TV software did not respect any sort orders set in iTunes for either audio or video playlists. Audio playlists were always sorted alphabetically while TV Show playlists were sorted in descending order by release date. Version 4.1 fixes this and playlists now appear on the Apple TV as they do in iTunes.

Video Playlists

Playlists of non-music video content will now play continuously as they did on the first-generation Apple TV. Previously only a single video would play back even when accessed from a playlist.

Other Sorting Issues

In Apple TV 4.0 prefixes like “The” and “A” on Movies and TV Shows affected the sort order, so all show names that began with “The” would be displayed together. Apple TV 4.1 now ignores these prefixes in the same way that iTunes and Apple’s other media devices do.

This latest update also appears to have fixed several other inconsistent sorting issues that appeared in the previous version, particularly with regard to TV show and season sorting.

Updating Playback Status in iTunes

Playing items on Apple TV 4.0 would not update the last played date or played status in iTunes. This means that new TV Shows and Movies would remain marked as new whether you had watched them or not. This has been fixed in 4.1 and last played dates now update as they should.

Rentals in iTunes

Movie and TV Shows rentals stored in the iTunes library can be viewed on the second-generation Apple TV. Prior to iTunes 10.1 and Apple TV 4.1. however, watching a rented item did not update its expiry information properly in iTunes. This aspect of viewing rentals has at least been fixed, however rented items still appear on the Apple TV in the same way as purchased items and do not provide any warning or notification that you are about to begin watching a rental and start the viewing period—the item simply plays back in the same way any other content would.


Movie and TV Show Cover View

As of version 4.1 the top half of the screen now only displays rented movies and TV shows rather than including top content from iTunes. If you have no rentals in your account, this screen will simply show the Apple TV logo.


Screen Saver Settings

The Ken Burns and Classic screen saver modes can now be customized further by selecting transitions and time between each slide. These options were available in standard slideshows in 4.0 but could not be customized when setting up a screen saver.


About Screen

The latest version of the Apple TV firmware also provides a bit of additional information on the “About” screen, including the current TV Resolution and optionally the Wi-Fi Channel and BSSID which can be displayed by pressing the up arrow on the remote.


Remote Control Responsiveness

In our own experience, the infrared remote control in Apple TV 4.0 tended to be unreliable, often jumping into a rapid fast-forward or rewind mode when using the skip-forward or skip-backward functions. This appears to be less of an issue in 4.1, although the Apple TV will still sometimes begin rewinding after a skip-back.

Unchecked Items Now Appear

Apple TV 4.1 makes a significant change to how unchecked items in iTunes are handled. Traditionally unchecked items have simply been omitted completely from showing up on the Apple TV—even the first-generation Apple TV would not sync unchecked items nor display them in streaming mode.

With 4.1, the Apple TV now displays all items from your iTunes library regardless of whether they are checked or unchecked. Unchecked items are simply greyed out in the normal media listings.


In our opinion this change is actually not an improvement, since now the only way to now exclude content from appearing on your Apple TV menus is to actually remove it from your iTunes library entirely.

iTunes LP and iTunes Extras still MIA

One of the glaring omissions from the second-generation Apple TV was its lack of support for iTunes LP and iTunes Extras; features that were previously available on the first-generation model. In an e-mail exchange with a customer, Steve Jobs reportedly stated that this support would be coming, but apparently that’s still off in the future as it has not been added in 4.1—a shame considering all of the iTunes LP collections that were bundled with the recent Beatles release.


Despite all of the minor interface bugs, one area in which the second-generation Apple TV had no problems with its initial release was in its speedy performance for navigating the UI and streaming content. The latest update doesn’t really change anything in this regard and continues to perform as well as the previous software did.

Update or Wait?

Compared to many of the updates that we see for Apple’s media devices, this update appears to have almost no downside. While it would have been nice to see support for iTunes LP and Extras added, there’s definitely enough fixed here that even users who aren’t concerned about AirPlay support should install this for no other reason than to fix the wide range of annoying bugs that were present in the initial release.

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Great review of what’s new in the update. But here’s a small update that has gone unreported: Song and artist information are now updated from Internet Radio streams.

Posted by Matthew in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 2:11 AM (CST)


I’m curious as to whether video content with multiple audio streams (eg. a movie with both stereo and surround audio) will send the surround stream to the AppleTV from an iOS device or just the stereo stream?

Posted by Richard in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 5:04 AM (CST)


Here’s a question. If you save any video file using QT7 as a .mov file, iTunes can play it back. That is, zero re-encoding. You can’t however transfer that to the iPhone because it’s not encoded right.

So, can you AirPlay that into the AppleTV?

Posted by Goobi in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 8:57 AM (CST)


Goobi, just tried this for you. The answer is sadly No.

Posted by Owen in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 9:21 AM (CST)


@Richard (#2): The short answer is yes. Basically, the Apple TV gets the raw H.264 file streamed from the AirPlay device and just plays it in the same way as it would were it coming from iTunes. This means that if Dolby Digital output is enabled on the Apple TV, you’ll get the surround audio by default, if Dolby Digital is disabled, you’ll get the stereo stream instead.  Multiple audio tracks are even supported for videos that contain them (ie, alternate languages, director commentary, etc), although you’ll need to switch to those from the Apple TV menus.

@Goobi (#3) / Owen (#4): This is to be expected, since as noted above AirPlay works by sending the actual media file to the Apple TV as-is. There’s no re-encoding done by iTunes or the iOS device, it just spits out the H.264 or MPEG-4 file in the same way as if you were playing it back from iTunes using the Apple TV menus. Therefore, you can only AirPlay codecs supported by the Apple TV.

Posted by Jesse Hollington in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 9:39 AM (CST)


Unfortunately, viewing subscriptions still does not work in the YouTube client.
The same problem existed on the iPad but has been fixed in 4.2.1, so I was hoping it would be fixed on the Apple TV as well. But no luck.

Posted by Martin in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 10:21 AM (CST)


I think this is still very complex for we non-techies.  For instance, it talks about streaming audio to speakers.  What speakers?  I have not seen a list or a definition of what speakers I need to buy to be able to get audio streamed to multiple rooms.  And that would be much more interesting than putting movies on the TV.  We can do that now - for we non-technical people many of us hoped we could put our iphone movies up but that is not the case.

Posted by Cathie in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 11:09 AM (CST)


Still can’t play custom radio streams in playlists directly on the new Apple TV, as you could on the old one.

Posted by jason202 in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 11:47 AM (CST)


Does anyone know the space limit of the screensaver photos folder? From my understanding, those photos are stored locally on the AppleTV… so there must be a limit…

Posted by Jacques in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 11:49 AM (CST)


@Cathie (#7): Any speakers connected to an Apple TV or Apple’s Airport Express Base Station will work as they did with AirTunes. There aren’t any AirPlay compatible third-party speakers available yet, although some have been announced such as the iHome iW1 and I expect we’ll see them going on sale by the new year if not sooner.  Apple has also announced that it’s working with companies such as Denon to integrate AirPlay into AV receivers as well.

In terms of playing back iPhone videos, I’m expecting this is merely a software limitation right now that will hopefully be fixed in a future iOS update.

@Jacques (#9): I’ve loaded in an album of a couple of thousand photos with no issues.  I don’t think there’s a limit beyond the storage available on the Apple TV—it’s got 8GB of flash memory in it for caching of content such as the screensaver photos and videos that you’re playing back.

Posted by Jesse Hollington in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 11:55 AM (CST)


I may be little bit slow, but stick with me here.  It appears that for the AirPlay feature to work, any photos, music, videos, etc. must be stored in iTunes.  If you have home sharing turned on at both the computer and Apple TV, you can already stream this information, so why would I want to do it from my iPhone or iPad?

Secondly, it would be really nice if I could shoot a video on the iPhone and be able to use AirPlay to display it to the Apple TV.  So far, I have not been able to get this to work.  Is this possible?

Posted by Stan in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 12:18 PM (CST)


The simplest answer is that some users may not want to leave their computer on all the time just to watch the occasional movie on their Apple TV.  It could also be useful when visiting a friend’s house since you could play a movie on their screen regardless of whether it was in their iTunes library.

However, AirPlay has a lot more potential. On the video side it’s quite limited right now due to a lack of support by third-party apps. Apple has not yet provided any developer documentation on how to enable AirPlay for video output, although it’s definitely possible and developers such as Erica Sadun have figured out how to do this by digging through the APIs.

On the other hand, for audio almost any app can stream audio to the Apple TV, AIrport Express, or the upcoming AirPlay speakers. This includes apps like Pandora and Slacker as well as being able to send the audio portion of video playback from other apps.

In terms of playing back videos shot on the iPhone, this is definitely a glaring omission right now, and will hopefully be fixed by Apple in a future iOS update.  It seems that the Photos app simply hasn’t had the video output switch enabled in the current release—there definitely aren’t any technical reasons I can see why this wouldn’t work otherwise, and in fact you can import a video shot on your iPhone into iTunes and then load it back up under the “Movies” section and it will play just fine from within the “iPod” app.

Posted by Jesse Hollington in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 12:37 PM (CST)


has anyone encountered the following “issue”? apple tv shows my pictures from iphoto, no problem. BUT it shows only events and albums, not folders. is it only me? or is it only because I still use iphoto ‘08 and puchasing ilife11 solves it?

Posted by carlito in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 3:16 PM (CST)


Folders from iPhoto and Aperture are not shown on the Apple TV in any version, nor are they synced to the traditional iPods or iOS devices. Only Albums, Events and Faces (if you’re using iPhoto ‘09 or later) will appear on the Apple TV.  iOS devices also support Places from iPhoto ‘09 or later.

Posted by Jesse Hollington in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 3:23 PM (CST)


How did you get the  into the device name? Worked fine on my old tv but, of course, I used iTunes to name it. Can’t do that now…

Posted by pdxjim in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 7:51 PM (CST)


...Still no ability to stream .AVI or .XVID files?  Or streaming from third party Apps such as vlc, ovideo or AirVideo.  Epic fail in my opinion.

Posted by LDD in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 9:17 PM (CST)


@pdxjim (#15): Hint: Use your iPhone, iPod touch or iPad with the iOS remote app. Think copy-and-paste. :)

Posted by Jesse Hollington in Toronto on November 24, 2010 at 10:26 PM (CST)


Is it now possible to switch between 50 and 60 hz (as it is possible with the ATV 1) ?

Posted by midi in Toronto on November 25, 2010 at 5:19 AM (CST)


Is the new os jailbreakable?

Posted by Brandon in Toronto on November 25, 2010 at 8:33 AM (CST)


It seems as if the Cover Art screen saver has been dumped on the 2nd Gen Apple tv? I am missing this a lot as cover art was my preferred screen saver when listening to music on Apple TV. Any idea on how to get back cover art screen saver?

Posted by Icoco in Toronto on November 30, 2010 at 4:06 AM (CST)

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