Locating missing music files
Ask iLounge offers readers the opportunity to get answers to their iPod-, iPhone-, iPad-, iTunes-, or Apple TV-related questions from a member of the iLounge editorial team. We'll answer several questions here each week, and of course, you can always get help with more immediate concerns from the iLounge Discussion Forums. Submit your questions for consideration using our Ask iLounge Submit Form. We reserve the right to edit questions for grammar, spelling, and length.
Q: I recently had to replace the hard drive in my PC. My previous PC had iTunes on it, and the repair person copied the music files back into the new computer. Now, however they all have exclamation points in front of them and I get a message saying the original file cannot be found. When I try to locate it, I cannot find it. When I add new songs, they are added without problems. Any ideas as to what is causing this and how I can remedy it without re-copying all of my 300+ CDs again? Is the only solution available to copy the songs from the iPod back to the computer?
A: If the repair person actually did copy the music files back into your computer, they should be there somewhere, although it’s possible that they weren’t copied into the location that iTunes expects to find them.
iTunes stores the full path to each file within its library database, so if music files are moved to other locations, this will result in these sort of broken links in iTunes, as the files will not be where iTunes expects to find them.
In a default iTunes configuration, all new files are stored under the “iTunes Music” folder, located in the “iTunes” sub-folder in the current user’s “My Music” folder (Windows) or “Music” folder (Mac).
If your music files are in this location, then you may just want to ensure that your “iTunes Music Folder Path” is correctly set to this directory. You can find this setting under the iTunes advanced preferences by selecting the Preferences option from the iTunes (Mac) or Edit (Windows) menu, and then choosing the “Advanced” tab.
If your music files are not located in this folder, then it’s possible that they were copied to another folder or perhaps a different user profile on your computer. If you’re using Windows and have Administrative privileges, you can search the entire hard drive for files with an MP3 or M4A extension by using the Windows “Search” option found on the Start Menu. If you’re using a Mac, you can use the Spotlight feature to perform this search, but if you have more than one user account, you will need to log into each one individually and perform a Spotlight search, as even administrative users do not have access to other profiles by default on Mac OS X.
If you locate your music files in another folder, you can try copying them into the iTunes Music folder and iTunes may be able to recognize them once they are placed in this location. Alternatively, if you’re not concerned about preserving ratings, play counts, or playlists, you can simply re-import all of your files by using the File, Add to Library menu option. If you do choose to reimport your files, you will want to erase the existing entries from your iTunes library first to prevent duplicate entries, since each imported file will arrive as a new entry in the library, leaving the old reference to the missing file behind.
If a search of your hard drive turns up no files with an MP3 or M4A extension, then it’s very likely the files were not in fact transferred from your old hard drive, and unfortunately you will have no choice but to either re-rip from CD or restore the music from your iPod if you happen to have your complete library stored on there.
- Will removing a credit card from Safari also remove it from Apple Pay?
- Can I mute Handoff calls coming into my Mac from my iPhone?
- How do I keep my iPhone calls from ringing on my Mac?
- Why doesn’t Traffic show up on my Today Notifications Screen?
- Why doesn’t my iPhone reconnect to Wi-Fi after I turn it on?
- Why can’t I see the iPad-style landscape view on my iPhone 6 Plus?
- Apple reveals some of its upcoming AI advancements for the iPhone
- Apple Music’s royalty rates complicate Spotify’s contract negotiations
- iFixit highlights ‘Touch Disease’ affecting many iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus models
- Rebranded Nike+ Run Club app adds new tracking abilities
- Apple Music Festival set for Sept. 18-30
- Report: Apple planning three iPhone models for 2017, one with curved OLED display
- Apple investigating after two Foxconn employees died last week
- Apple buys health data startup Gliimpse
- Report: Apple passes on Lyft acquisition
- Apple releases iOS 10 beta 7 to developers
- Philips Sonicare FlexCare Platinum Connected Bluetooth Toothbrush
- Audeze EL-8 Titanium Over-Ear Headphones
- Defined Corp Dome Stand for Apple Watch and iPhone
- Speck StyleFolio Pencil for 9.7” iPad Pro
- Audeze Sine On-Ear Headphone
- First Alert Onelink Wi-Fi Smoke + Carbon Monoxide Alarm
- Logitech Create 9.7” iPad Pro Keyboard Case
- iDevices Outdoor Switch Power Outlet
- 808 Audio Canz XL Bluetooth Speaker
- Standzout Helix Dock for Apple Watch
- Inside the betas: iOS 10 Photos gets Advanced Computer Vision
- Inside the betas: iOS 10 Music app delivers ‘clarity and simplicity’
- Inside the betas: iOS 10 Maps gets a major redesign
- Inside the betas: iOS 10 shakes up the user experience
- Inside the betas: watchOS 3 promises a real speed boost
- Inside the betas: A sneak peek at what’s new in tvOS 10
- Filling the Gap: A look at third-party HomeKit apps
- Instant Expert: Secrets & Features of tvOS 9.2
- Instant Expert: Secrets & Features of iOS 9.3
- Opinion: Why Apple needs a dedicated HomeKit app