Storing a large iTunes library in multiple folders | iLounge Article

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Storing a large iTunes library in multiple folders

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By Jesse Hollington

Social Media & Software Editor, iLounge
Published: Friday, May 23, 2008
Articles Categories: Ask iLounge, iTunes, Music

Ask iLounge offers readers the opportunity to get answers to their iPod-, iPhone-, iPad-, iTunes-, or Apple TV-related questions from a member of the iLounge editorial team. We'll answer several questions here each week, and of course, you can always get help with more immediate concerns from the iLounge Discussion Forums. Submit your questions for consideration using our Ask iLounge Submit Form. We reserve the right to edit questions for grammar, spelling, and length.

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Q: I keep all my iTunes related libraries on external hard drives, meaning my music files and library index files are on one external drive and movies are on another external drive. These could be combined to a single external hard drive but neither can fit on the system drive. I have no problems with setting iTunes to see the music library but cannot get iTunes to recognize the movies on an external drive. What setting or understanding am I missing here?

- Scott

A: Storing media content in multiple locations in iTunes can be a bit complicated, since iTunes only allows you to specify a single iTunes Music folder, which is where it expects all of its content to live.

If you want to keep some content elsewhere, the simplest solution is to place that content where you want it to be located, and then turn OFF the option to “Copy files to iTunes Music folder when adding to library” under your iTunes Advanced preferences. When you import content with this option disabled, iTunes will leave this content in its original location, and simply reference it from there, rather than making a copy in its own music folder.

The disadvantage to this process is that iTunes will not organize or manage this content, since it’s outside of its music folder. Therefore, if you change the tags for these tracks, they will not be automatically renamed, and if you delete them from your iTunes library, iTunes will not offer to delete the original files—you’ll have to go and clean those up yourself.

You’ll also need to be cautious about using the “Consolidate Library” option, since this will try to copy all of this external content into your iTunes Music folder location, which will presumably not have enough storage space to hold it all.

Note that if your content is already in your iTunes library and you want to do this, you will have to copy it out to the new location, delete it from your iTunes library, and then reimport it from the new location, with the “Copy Files…” option disabled.

If you’re using a Mac and are a more advanced user, another option is to create Unix-style symbolic links to certain sub-folders, or to create a mount point within your existing iTunes Music folder that connects the external drive within the files system (so for example, the folder /iTunes Music/Movies actually references the second hard drive directly). The mount point option can also be done on Windows with NTFS file systems. In either case, this is generally only recommended for more advanced users who have an understanding of the Unix or NTFS file systems, but it will effectively allow you to span your existing library across multiple drives by creating operating-system level links between those drives while iTunes still believes it’s dealing with a single music folder.

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Comments

1

I had my ipod nano on the counter and as I walked away it fell, but did not hit the floor because it was conected to my earphone which I was still wearing.

However, it stopped functioning (from the jolt?). All I see is the backlight, and I get no sound or any visual.

What are my options, besides tossing it?

Posted by Jim on May 25, 2008 at 11:46 AM (PDT)

2

I had the same issue as Chris. I wanted to be able to sync my iPod with my laptop while away from the external drive. iLounge’s external drive instructions article worked like a charm, except for one problem.

In my case, for some reason, the iTunes Music Folder didn’t automatically revert back to the external hard drive. When I tried to consolidate the library (to move a podcast and a ripped CD to the external drive), iTunes immediately began giving me alerts about items in my library that couldn’t be found in the laptop’s iTunes Music Folder.

Moral of the story: always double-check to make sure you have the correct location of the iTunes Music Folder set before clicking on ‘consolidate library’.

Posted by fondy442 on May 25, 2008 at 1:27 PM (PDT)

3

i just got my ipod a few weeks ago and it is not letting me sync movies onto it but it will let me sync my songs?

Posted by nikkie on May 26, 2008 at 5:40 AM (PDT)

4

Hi,

  Are there any rumors of a new Ipod nano coming out?

Thanks,

Breta

Posted by Breta on May 28, 2008 at 10:18 AM (PDT)

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